Periodontal (Gum) Disease
Periodontal diseases, including gingivitis and periodontitis, are serious infections that can lead to tooth loss if left untreated. These diseases begin when bacteria in the plaque cause the gums to become inflamed. Plaque is a sticky film of food debris, bacteria, and saliva. If plaque is not removed, it turns into calculus (tartar). When plaque and calculus are not removed, they begin to destroy the gums and bone, which can affect one or many teeth.
Types of Periodontal Disease: Gingivitis & Periodontitis
There are two types of gum disease. Gingivitis is considered to be the milder form of gum disease. It causes the gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. At this stage, there is very little to no discomfort and can often be caused by inadequate oral hygiene.
When gingivitis is left untreated, it progresses into periodontitis, which is irreversible and progressive. With time, plaque can spread and grow below the gum line producing toxins that irritate the gums. These toxins encourage a chronic inflammatory reaction in which the body, in essence, turns on itself, and the tissues and bone that support the teeth are broken down and destroyed. What happens at this stage can destroy your gums and your smile entirely. Gums separate from the teeth forming infected spaces between the teeth and gums. As the disease continues, the spaces deepen, and more tissue and bone are destroyed. Periodontitis cannot be cured, only managed.
What Causes Periodontal Disease?
Effects of Periodontal Disease
Not only is it the number one reason for tooth loss, but research also suggests there may be a link between periodontal disease and other diseases, such as stroke, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and increased risk during pregnancy. Researchers are determining if inflammation and bacteria associated with periodontal disease affect these systemic diseases and conditions. Smoking also increases the risk of periodontal disease.
Four out of five people have periodontal disease and don’t know it! Most people are not aware of it because the disease is usually painless in the early stages. Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.
Signs & Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
- Bleeding gums: Gums should never bleed, even when you brush vigorously or use dental floss
- Loose teeth: Also caused by bone loss or weakened periodontal fibers (fibers that support the tooth to the bone).
- New spacing between teeth: Caused by bone loss
- Persistent bad breath: Caused by bacteria in the mouth
- Pus around the teeth and gums: Sign that there is an infection present
- Receding gums: Loss of gum around a tooth
- Red and puffy gums: Gums should never be red or swollen
- Tenderness or discomfort: Plaque, calculus, and bacteria irritate the gums and teeth
Why Choose Us for Periodontal Disease Treatment?
- No rotating doctors! Our dentists own and manage our dental offices, and you will always see the same dentist each time you visit
- Our staff is multilingual to ensure every patient receives quality care geared toward restoring and enhancing their smile
- Our dentists are caring and thoughtful professionals that provide dental solutions that are second-to-none
- We follow strict sterilization techniques and cross-contamination prevention regulations as set by the American Dental Association (ADA), the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), and the Center for Disease Control (CDC)
The dental hygienist is very sweet and knowledgeable. I just love the atmosphere and the Doctor there too. I have had quite a bit of work done and they have made it seamless and comfortable (as it can be anyway).
Let Us Restore Your Smile
Since 2006, Martinez Dental Solutions has been serving Jacksonville and nearby communities, including: Orange Park, Ponte Vedra Beach, San Marco, Fleming Island, and St. Augustine. Request an appointment for our dental exams, cleaning and prevention services, cosmetic dentistry services, and dental restorations.